- December 17, 2021

Different Biodegradable Fabric Types

There are so many fabric types that are available on the market. However, not all fabrics are sustainable or biodegradable. If you are wondering what type of fabric to buy for your next clothing item, you can look at the pros and cons of the fabrics with regard to sustainability so that you can do your bit for the environment as well.

Organic cotton is a biodegradable product. This is plant fibre that is converted to yarn and woven into the fabrics that you see today. Cotton is widely used around the world for textile fibres. But cotton cultivation and the manufacturing of cotton is an industry that contributes majorly to pollution. The production of cotton is harmful to the people who cultivate it and wear it. There is a lot of pesticides that are required for the cultivation of cotton and this makes up for a significant expense. Organic cotton is an alternative to this. It requires a significantly lesser amount of water and you don’t need to use pesticides. Organic cotton is softer than traditional cotton. You can also make canvas bags out of cotton. Some of these bags are made out of linen.

Linen is taken from the step of the flax plant. It is a natural textile that has a considerably low impact on the environment. It is also a durable material and there is no wastage produced in its cultivation. All parts of the flax plant are used for different products. Linen doesn’t warp and it can retain its colour for a long time even after repeated washing. One drawback of linen is that it can wrinkle easily. There are wrinkle free options for linen but these are treated with a lot of chemicals that are not good for your body or the environment. You can simply buy normal linen and use a steam iron or a steamer to get rid of the wrinkles. There are also starch sprays that you can use to make the process easier.

Viscose is a material made from wood pulp and it is called artificial silk as well. It has poor insulation properties. However, the production process is harmful to the environment if a closed loop water system is not used. Wool is another biodegradable fabric and it generally comes from sheep. It has high insulation properties and is very elastic which makes it easy to make scarves from it. It can also withstand moisture very well. Alpaca wool is softer than the wool you get from sheep. It has a lower chance of irritating the skin. Modal is an artificial fibre that is made from the cellulose of beech wood. Modal is a string fabric and it absorbs water very quickly. Hemp is a plant that can be grown in different climates. Hemp fibres are very durable and have natural antifungal properties. The absorption capacity of hemp is quite high and it also dries very quickly after it is washed. This is a crop that can be easily grown with organic farming.

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